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Essential oils 101

Dilution Blending Chart

Essential Oil Dilution Chart 

Topical usage guide for making massage oils, blends, salves, lotions and other skin applications.

We have provided the equivalent teaspoon measurements to make it easier for you to use. To make your own blends, decide the amount of base you want to use and the % dilution.  For example, if you decide to make a small batch of a blend at a 3% dilution, start with 5ml, which is equal to 1/6 oz or 1 teaspoon of carrier oil and then add your 3 drops of essential oil. 

1% Dilution - Suitable for everyone, specially children, elderly, pregnant, or compromised immune system.

2% - 3% Dilution - Suitable for daily use, lotions, soaps, massage blends.

5% - 10% Dilution -  Acute situations depending on severity of localized issues such as muscle sprains, tendon/ligament damage, etc.  Use for short term only.

1- 3% - Green - Generally safe, suitable for most and tolerated well.

5 - 10% Yellow/Red - Use caution when blending in higher dilutions and always test on your skin prior to using.
 

Essential Oil Safety

Essential oils offer a great deal of therapeutic benefits, among the most notable are their immune supporting and emotionally balancing properties. Incorporating aromatherapy and using essential oils in our daily routine is a great way to support health, wellness and natural living and when used safely, can be very effective, beneficial and rewarding.

It is important to remember, however, that essential oils are highly concentrated aromatic compounds that contain naturally occurring chemicals from plant sources. In general, when using essential oils it is best to exercise common sense and caution. 

Below are a list of general precautions and safety guidelines for using essential oils.

Precautions

 

  1. Keep out of reach from children and pets.
  2. Do not use photosensitizing oils prior to going to beach or sun tanning booth. These oils include Bergamot, cold pressed citrus oils such as lemon, grapefruit, lime and bitter orange. 
  3. Keep essential oils away from the eyes, ears or mucous membranes.
  4. Any person with allergies, asthma or sensitivities should exercise extra caution. Always perform a skin patch test first to watch for a reaction. You can do a patch test on the forearm and wait approximately 15-20 minutes.
  5. Essential oils are highly flammable. Keep away from fire, candles, matches, & gas stoves.  

 

Safety Guidelines

  1. Always dilute any essential oil with a carrier oil (jojoba, coconut, etc) prior to applying topically on the skin. As a general rule, use 5-20 drops of essential oil to 2 tablespoons of carrier oil.
  2. If essential oil accidentally gets into the eyes, ears or mucous membranes, flush with a carrier oil and use a cotton ball to wipe off any excess. Do not rinse eye with water until irritation has subsided. If this protocol does not work, seek medical advice. 
  3. If an essential oil or blend irritate your skin, wash it off with soap and water and apply a carrier oil to the affected area.
  4. People with epileptic seizures should avoid using the following oils: Hyssop, Sage, Ho Leaf, Wintergreen, Birch, Rosemary, Yarrow, Lavandin, and Spike Lavender.
  5. Small children, elderly, pregnant women and individuals with serious health conditions should use no more than a 1% dilution on any blend, or about 5-6 drops of essential oil to 2 tablespoons of carrier oil.
  6. Do not use old, or oxidized essential oils as they can cause skin irritation and sensitization. In general, if the aroma of the oil is foul or has changed significantly from its original aroma, then chances are it has oxidized. Discard any oxidized oils.
  7. Do not ingest essential oils unless you are under the care of a trained clinical aromatherapist who understands pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics as they relate to drug interactions.
Stay tuned for our next blog post on Pregnancy and essential oil safety.

Essential Oils 101

 

What are Essential oils?

Essential oils are highly concentrated compounds extracted via the distillation of plant parts. The most common types of distillation are steam distillation and CO2 extraction. The raw plant material is collected and then distilled through steam, resulting in a pure essential oil that feels rather watery, although they do vary greatly in consistency and viscosity, as some oils are thicker than others. In essence, essential oils contain a concentrated form of many different chemical components that occur naturally in the plant. The essential oil of the plant is the immune system or life force of the plant, which provides the plant with the nutrients and protects it against diseases and infections and allows it to heal itself.  Similarly, the essential oils which are composed of many therapeutic properties, give us the same ability to promote healing of the mind, body and spirit.

How do essential oils work?

Essential oils are made up of naturally occurring chemical compounds that come in the form of tiny molecules. Because the oils are made up of very small molecules and contain naturally occurring compounds, it is easier for our bodies to recognize these components more readily and enable them to penetrate deeper layers of the skin, promoting the body to heal at a deeper level.  For this reason, essential oils have been clinically shown to be effective at treating many different ailments with great results. However, because essential oils are very concentrated, they need to be diluted with a carrier oil before applying topically on the skin.

How do I get started using essential oils?

The easiest and simplest way to start using essential oils is to diffuse them.  There are many diffuser out there but our favorites are the ultrasonic diffusers which use water or nebulizing diffusers which diffuser straight oil.  Diffusers allow for the essential oils to be broken down into smaller particles and dispersed into the air. As you breathe them in, these particles enter your respiratory system and allow them to do their healing work.  

Diffusers can be used in a room, home or office or any space you wish to purify the air in. Using a diffuser in the home has many therapeutic benefits and your home will smell lovely, as many essential oils have a deodorizing effect! Essential oils also have purifying, antibacterial and antiviral properties that can help keep germs at bay.  

You can also use essential oils diluted in a carrier oil and applied in a massage or to an area of concern. 

Can I take essential oils internally?

Although our essential oils are of medicinal quality, pure and do not contain any adulterants or synthetics, we only recommend internal use of essential oil under the guidance and direction of an experienced and licensed aromatherapist or physician with related essential oil training. As a business member of the National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy, we endorse proper and responsible use of essential oils. 

Warning by The National Association of Holistic Aromatherapy (NAHA)

Some oils are associated with toxicity problems (e.g. a risk of accumulative effects), and so internal use is not entirely hazard or risk-free.

 Stay tuned for my next blog post on Essential oil Safety. 

How do I dilute essential oils for topical use?

As a general rule, essential oils are diluted best with a carrier oil such as Jojoba, coconut, baobab or tamanu or any other carrier of your choice. To dilute, simply use between 5-6 drops of essential oil per 2 tablespoons of carrier oil or about 1oz of carrier. Or you can use 3 drops essential oil to 1 tablespoon (about 1/2 oz) of carrier oil.  You can also use the same measures to blend into unscented lotion or butters such as shea or cocoa butter. For a more details on how to dilute essential oils safely see our dilution chart.

 

How do I know if my oil has oxidized?

Essential oils are best kept tightly closed in a cool and dark room, away from oxygen, heat and sunlight. If the oil starts to smell foul or very different than its originally aroma, then it most likely has oxidized. Do not use oxidized oils as they can be irritating to the skin. If in doubt, it is best to discard them.